Winter is coming and for homeowners this means being prepared for the utmost extremes, both the frightful and delightful!
With beautiful blankets of white snow come picturesque landscapes, family sledding, and, well, the threat of ice dams. Ice dams form when the roof over the attic gets warm enough to melt the underside of the layer of snow on the roof. Then, as the snow melts, water backs up pooling on the shingles, and eventually finds its way into the home. Water damage from ice dams can be significant, damaging ceilings, walls, flooring, and cabinetry and the cost of repair can run into the tens of thousands of dollars. The best way to cure and prevent an ice dam:
- Seal all points where warm air leaks from living spaces into spaces below the roof sheathing.
- Insulate the living spaces well enough to prevent heat from escaping.
- Vent the space between the insulation and roof sheathing so that any heat that does leak is carried away.
Frozen sidewalks are also a major hazard to your property and your guests. Most people know enough to remove any snow from the surface and spread rock salt or ice melt. But look to make sure you have a product that will not damage your driveway, stairs, or walkway, and won’t harm your pets.
For thick ice or compacted snow:
- Use an ice chisel in the afternoon when it is a little warmer to break down and clear chunks of ice and snow.
- Throw more salt or ice meltdown to take care of any little bits you may have missed, and to help keep new ice from forming.
Just as drivers should use safe, cautious driving techniques during the slippery and frozen winter season, you should practice safe winter walking.
- Wear proper footwear with visible treads
- Be wary of black ice, which may appear as wet pavement
- Walk steps slowly and grip handrails firmly
- Avoid shortcuts, as they are more likely to be where snow and ice removal is not possible
Beyond the hazards that may arise from snow and ice, there are also dangerous areas inside when you’re trying to keep warm. Structure fires increase greatly in the winter. You can help prevent heating fires with a few simple steps:
- Have a qualified professional install stationary space heating equipment
- Have equipment cleaned and inspected each year
- Keep anything that can burn at least three feet away from your furnace, fireplace, wood stove, or portable space heater
- Turn portable heaters off when leaving the room or going to bed
There are few things as tranquil, and beautiful as a candle burning inside as snow falls outside. But a candle is an open flame and should be treated as such. Candles cause an estimated 15,600 house fires, 150 deaths, and 1,270 injuries each year and 85 percent of candle fires could be avoided.
Here are a few tips:
- Never leave a burning candle unattended.
- Keep candles away from anything that could catch fire.
- Make sure all candles are out of reach of children and pets.
As always, test smoke alarms at least once a month to ensure they are in working condition, it could save your life.
With the precautions in place, go enjoy winter inside and outdoors.